Category Archives: Wissenswertes über UK

Mother’s Day

Today is Mother’s Day! Mother 1
Mothering Sunday is always held on the fourth Sunday of Lent. It is exactly three weeks before Easter Sunday and usually falls in the second half of March or early April.
Mothering Sunday – or Mother’s Day – is a celebration of mothers and the maternal bond, and traditionally children give flowers, presents and cards to their mothers, and other maternal figures such as grandmothers, stepmothers and mothers-in-law.
Google have done a doodle to mark the occasion, but this can only be seen in the UK and Ireland.
When did Mothering Sunday begin?
The day has long been associated with mothers, and family. For centuries it was custom for people to return home to their ‘mother’ church on Laetare Sunday – the middle of Lent. Those who did so were said to have gone ‘a-mothering’.
The day often turned into a family reunion and a chance for children working away from home – often domestic servants – to spend time with their mothers.
Anna Jarvis founded the Mother’s Day holiday in the United States
Many used to pick flowers from the verges along the way to leave in the church or hand to their mothers when they got home.

Mother 2
But it was American social activist Anna Jarvis (1864-1948) from Philadelphia who campaigned for an official day to honour mothers in the US and is regarded as the “Mother of Mother’s Day”.
She dedicated her life to lobbying for the day after swearing she would do so after her mother’s death.
However, Jarvis became increasingly concerned at the commercialisation of the day, saying “I wanted it to be a day of sentiment, not profit.” She also didn’t like the selling of flowers and the use of greetings cards which she described as “a poor excuse for the letter you are too lazy to write”.
In May 1932, Mother’s Day was adopted in Japan, after 19 years of observance by Christians, showing the wide reach of Jarvis and the embracement of Mother’s Day internationally.
Meanwhile in Britain, vicar’s daughter Constance Smith was inspired by a 1913 newspaper report of Jarvis’ campaign and began a push for the day to be officially marked in England.
Smith, of Coddington, Nottinghamshire, founded the Mothering Sunday Movement and even wrote a booklet The Revival of Mothering Sunday in 1920. Neither Smith nor Jarvis became mother’s themselves.
By 1938 Mothering Sunday had become a popular celebration with Boy Scouts, Girl Guides and various parishes across Britain marking the day and communities adopting the imported traditions of American and Canadian soldiers during the war.
By the 1950s it was being celebrated throughout Britain and businesses realised the commercial opportunities.
Is it Mothering Sunday or Mother’s Day?
Mothering Sunday is on March 6th in the UK – it always falls on the fourth Sunday of Lent. This isn’t the case in other countries, though…
When you say ‘Mother’s Day’ you are actually referring to the American version. In the US it falls on Sunday May 8th, ever since President Woodrow Wilson proclaimed it so in 1914.
Many blame the USA for introducing the name Mother’s Day to Britain and turning it into a commercial affair.
The French celebrate the event on a different day altogether – ‘Maman’s’ special day is reserved for the last Sunday in the month of May.
A family dinner is the norm, and traditionally the mother being honoured is presented with a cake that looks like a bouquet of flowers.
Mother’s Day in Spain is celebrated on December 8th. Spaniards pay tribute not only to their own mothers on this day, but also to the Virgin Mary. The day includes religious celebrations across the country.
The worst film to see on mother’s day
It’s a horror film about two boys who welcome their mother home after her reconstructive surgery and it all goes wrong in a terribly scary way.
Mother’s Day traditions
Simnel cakes are associated with Mother’s Day. During Lent, people did not eat sweet foods, rich foods or meat.
Simnel CakePhoto: ANDREW CROWLEY
However, the fast was lifted slightly on Mothering Sunday and many people prepared a Simnel cake to eat with their family on this day.
A Simnel cake is a light fruit cake covered with a layer of marzipan and with a layer of marzipan baked into the middle of the cake. Simnel cakes are associated with Mothering Sunday
Traditionally, Simnel cakes are decorated with 11 or 12 balls of marzipan, representing the 11 disciples and, sometimes, Jesus Christ.
One legend says that the cake was named after Lambert Simnel who worked in the kitchens of Henry VII of England sometime around the year 1500.

adopted from the Daily Mail, by  Emily Allen, and Cameron Macphail


McDonald’s und KFC verbannen Jugendliche aus Lokalen in GB

The Huffington Post UK  |  By Lucy Sherriff
Posted: 02/03/2016 13:58 GMT Updated: 02/03/2016 15:59 GMT

A decision by KFC and McDonald’s to ban under 18s from eating in some branches in the UK has been slammed as a “reckless” decision that targets “working class young people”.
The fast food chains implemented the controversial policy after a brawl broke out between around 20 teenagers near Meir Park, Stoke-on-Trent, a few weeks ago. Eight people were arrested.
Teenagers will be allowed to enter the establishments to buy food to take away, but will not be allowed to eat in unless they are accompanied by an adult.
But Georgia Rigg, from the Manchester youth charity the RECLAIM Project, told The Huffington Post UK the decision left some young people with few places to go.

“These restaurants are accessible spaces for them, they’re warm, cheap and have free WiFi. They’re often a place our young people go after school to grab a snack, catch up with friends or do homework.
“The fact that all under 18s are being tarred with the same brush is a reckless decision. And to add further insult to injury, young people are still allowed to enter these venues to buy food, but then have to leave immediately to eat it. The audacity in that.”
Rigg raised concerns over the lack of youth centres, cuts to libraries and reduction in funding for youth services, adding: “Where are we expecting young people to go?
“Is there any public space that is safe for them any more, without them being written off as ‘nuisances’?”
Others vented their frustration on Twitter, with some even assuming the ban was for health reasons.Owen Winter, a 17-year-old who is an active member of the UK’s Youth Parliament, described the decision as “discrimination”.

“[The policy will] only exacerbate the problem of young people having nowhere to go,” he said. “Young people are already forced to stay at home or hang around on the streets, banning [them] won’t help.
“I also think it is discrimination, the vast majority of young people cause no problems at all. If the same rules were applied based on race, gender, sexuality or for older people, there would be public outrage.
“Fast food chains can already throw out anyone causing trouble, there’s no reason for them to abando

n a massive section of their customers, most of who are entirely innocent.”
McDonald’s denied having a policy to ban under 18s, but told HuffPost UK: “It is with regret that some restaurants have experienced anti-social behaviour on an ongoing basis, which has resulted in measures being implemented.”
The restaurant described the policy as a “temporary measure which asks unaccompanied under 18s take their food out to eat”, and said it had worked with local police forces to make the decision.
KFC said it was “the only solution left open to us”.
“Only about 3% of our 890 restaurants have taken this step,” a spokesperson told HuffPost UK. “This is not a blanket policy and has only been put in place when our restaurant managers feel they’re left with no other option to protect our employees, many of who are teenagers and youths themselves, from threatening or violent behaviour.
“As a compromise in these difficult situations, customers who are affected are still welcome to purchase a take-away meal.”
Simon Webley of the Institute of B

usiness Ethics applauded the companies for taking the action against unacceptable behaviour.
“When you consider that being a good neighbour is one of McDonald’s ambitions, I think that on this occasion, they are acting consistently,” he told HuffPost UK.
“It is a short term solution to a local problem which was made with the interests of their wider customer base in mind.

“In any case, where behaviours are deemed to be unacceptable, action needs to be taken. A common reason for unethical behaviour in business is that the consequences of an action are not always considered. Or, put another way, individuals may think that they can ‘get away with it’.”

Untergrund-Farm: 33 Meter unter London baut ein Forscherteam Gemüse an

ubahnwaggonThe Huffington Post von Catherina Kaiser Veröffentlicht: 01/03/2016 18:03 CET Aktualisiert: 01/03/2016 18:13 CET

Zum Wachsen braucht eine Pflanze Erde, Wasser und Sonnenlicht… oder?

Die britische Farm “Growing Underground” stellt dieo-UNTERGRUNDFARM-570_1se Grundannahme auf den Kopf – denn sie befindet sich unter der Erde. 33 Meter unter London bauen Forscher dort Blattsalate und Spinat an, ganz ohne Tageslicht.

Pflanzen wachsen mit LED-Licht
Im Interview mit dem britischen Magazin “The Wire” erklärte Gründer Steven Dring das System hinter seiner Untergrund-Farm: “In den letzten drei bis fünf Jahren hat sich die Forschung im Bereich LED-Licht so weit entwickelt, dass Pflanzen ganz ohne natürliches Licht wachsen können.”

Laut Dring hat LED-Licht der Sonne gegenüber sogar einen entscheidenden Vorteil: “Anders als bei natürlichem Licht kann bei LED das Lichtspektrum ganz genau auf die Pflanze angepasst werden”, sagte er dem Magazin.
Begrenzter Raum über der Erde
Doch was ist der eigentliche Grund, dass Dring mit seinem Team für den Anbau unter die Erde ging?
“Unsere Bevölkerung wächst ständig und unser Raum ist begrenzt”, begründete Dring sein Projekt. “Wir werden uns in Zukunft andere Orte suchen müssen, um unsere Nahrung anzubauen.”
In der Metropolregion London wird der Wohn- und Nutzraum über der Erde ständig geringer. Dafür gibt es unter der Erde in der Tat viel ungenutzten Raum – wie zum Beispiel kilometerlange Tunnel aus dem zweiten Weltkrieg, wo nun auch die “Growing Underground”-Farm Platz gefunden hat.
Platzsparende, schnelle Methode
Die neuesten LED-Lichter können ganz nah an den Pflanzen angebracht werden. So nah, dass sogar mehrere Beete übereinander angebracht werden können.

Diese Methode ist nicht nur extrem platzsparend, sondern auch produktiv: Auf 550 Quadratmetern wachsen so nun über 20.000 Kilo grünes Blattgemüse im Jahr.
Der Hof setzt zudem voll auf lokale Konsumenten: Geerntet wird täglich um 16 Uhr, am nächsten Tag finden Londoner den Untergrund-Salat im Laden.
In Zukunft will das Unternehmen expandieren – und die alten Kriegstunnel weiter begrünen.

Ungenutzte Postbahntunnel öffnen für Touristen

Das alte Schienennetz der früheren Postbahn soll für Touristen geöffnet werden.Ubahn

Nachdem ein Teil des Londoner U-Bahn-Netzes mit dem Rad befahrbar gemacht wurde, werden im nächsten Jahr wohl die Fahrtstrecken der ehemaligen Postbahn für Touristen geöffnet werden. Das unterirdische Schienennetz soll mit elektrischen Minizügen aus den 1920er Jahren zu befahren sein.
Die Züge fuhren früher zwischen den Postsortierstellen auf insgesamt 37 km und transportierten Pakete und Briefe. Die Tunnel der Mail-Rail-Line sind nur etwas über 2 m hoch und nichts für Menschen mit Platzangst. Die Züge sollen zwischen Liverpool Street und Paddington fahren.
Nachdem der offizielle Fahrbetrieb vor etwas über zehn Jahren eingestellt wurde, hatte man die Züge und sonstige Maschinen nicht aus den Tunneln entfernt. Sie stellen jetzt eine weitere Attraktion für Touristen dar, die sich diesen Underground-Ausflug nicht entgehen lassen wollen.

Postleitzahlen in Great Britain

Den meisten Lernenden und auch vielen Nicht-Engländern mit einer Neigung zum Englischen ist die Zusammensetzung von englischen Postleitzahlen ein Buch mit sieben Siegeln. Zugegeben, man muß das als Deutscher nicht unbedingt wissen, aber spätestens dann, wenn aus beruflichen Gründen ein Business-English-Kurs unausweichlich wird, kommt man um dieses Wissen (kaum) herum.

Daher dieser kleine Exkurs. Als pdf ist dieser Text hier erhältlich:
Das Postleitsystem in seiner derzeitigen Form ist an Postbezirke aus dem 19. Jahrhundert angelehnt und existiert etwa seit den sechziger Jahren des letzten Jahrhunderts. Die Postleitzahl (postcode, nicht ZIP-Code) ist zweiteilig und beginnt mit der Abkürzung für die jeweilige Stadt, bzw. Region. Hier einige Beispiele.

AB    Aberdeen
BN    Brighton
B        Birmingham
BS     Bristol
BH    Bournemouth
CB    Cambridge
CO   Colchester
CV    Coventry
DH   Durham
EH    Edinburgh
HU   Kingston upon Hull
IP      Ipswich
IV     Inverness
L       Liverpool
NG  Nottingham
NR  Norwich
OX  Oxford
PO  Plymouth
ST   Stoke-on-Trend
YO  York

Um etwa 1990 herum führten die Kronbesitzungen die nachfolgenden Postcodes ein:

GY  Guernsey
JE   Jersey
IM  Isle of Man

Direkt nach dem Kürzel folgt – ohne Leerzeichen – eine ein- oder zweistellige Zahl für die Unterregion (district).

Der zweite Teil besteht wiederum aus einer Buchstaben-Zahlen-Kombination, die mit einem Leerzeichen vom ersten Teil getrennt ist. Aus diesem Block gehen der Zustellbezirk (sector part) und die Ortsteile und Straßen hervor (unit part).
Eine Postleitzahl setzt sich also wie folgt zusammen:
PLZAber: Keine Regel ohne Ausnahme !
Die Ausnahme betrifft London. Die Distrikte sind seit 1917 gültig und die Londoner Postcodes erfuhren im Laufe der Zeit wegen der Stadtgröße zusätzliche Erweiterungen. Für London gilt

East Central (EC)                  West Central (WC)
Übriges London
North (N)                                   North-West (NW)
South-West (SW)                 South-East (SE)
West (W)                                   East (E)

Und wenn man mal an die Queen oder an David Cameron schreiben muß, verwendet man diese Postleizahlen:
Buckingham Palace            SW1A 1AA
10 Downing Street             SW1A 2AA